Subject Verb Agreement Advanced Exercises with Answers

Subject-verb agreement is one of the fundamental principles of English grammar. It refers to the idea that the subject of a sentence and the verb must agree in terms of number. In simpler terms, if the subject is singular, the verb must be singular, and if the subject is plural, the verb must be plural. While most writers have a good handle on basic subject-verb agreement, advanced exercises can help ensure that writers are able to master the more complex aspects of this grammatical concept.

Advanced Exercise 1: Collective Nouns and Verbs

Collective nouns refer to a group of people, things, or animals that are considered as a single entity. Examples of collective nouns include team, group, jury, committee, etc. When using collective nouns, the verb must agree with the noun in terms of whether it is singular or plural. For instance,

– The committee is discussing the issue. (Singular)

– The committee are discussing the issue. (Plural)

Exercise: Choose the correct verb form that agrees with the collective nouns in the following sentences.

– The team ___________ (is/are) playing really well this season.

– The jury ___________ (has/have) reached a verdict.

– The family ___________ (was/were) excited about their upcoming trip.

Answers: 1. is, 2. has, 3. was

Advanced Exercise 2: Indefinite Pronouns and Verbs

Indefinite pronouns refer to nouns that are not specific in terms of the number of people or things they refer to. Examples of indefinite pronouns include everyone, everyone, many, few, etc. When using indefinite pronouns, the verb must agree with the pronoun in terms of whether it is singular or plural. For instance,

– Everyone was present at the meeting. (Singular)

– Not many were interested in the job. (Plural)

Exercise: Choose the correct verb form that agrees with the indefinite pronouns in the following sentences.

– All of the teachers ___________ (has/have) submitted their lesson plans.

– Many of the students ___________ (was/were) excited about the field trip.

– Several of the applicants ___________ (has/have) been contacted for an interview.

Answers: 1. have, 2. were, 3. have

Advanced Exercise 3: Subject-Verb Agreement with Prepositional Phrases

Prepositional phrases are groups of words that begin with a preposition and end with a noun or pronoun. When using prepositional phrases, they do not affect subject-verb agreement unless the prepositional phrase separates the subject and verb. For instance,

– The book on the table belongs to him. (Singular)

– The books, as well as the notebooks, are in the backpack. (Plural)

Exercise: Choose the correct verb form that agrees with the subject in the following sentences, taking into consideration the prepositional phrases.

– The news from the media ___________ (was/were) encouraging for the economy.

– The sandwich, along with the chips, ___________ (looks/look) delicious.

– The majority of the staff ___________ (has/have) voted in favor of the new policy.

Answers: 1. was, 2. looks, 3. has

In conclusion, advanced exercises in subject-verb agreement are crucial for writers who want to take their grammar skills to the next level. By practicing with collective nouns, indefinite pronouns, and prepositional phrases, writers can ensure that their sentences are grammatically sound and convey their intended message with clarity and precision.